Year 2018 Vol. 26 No 4

REVIEWS

A.V. DOGA, D.A. BURYAKOV, B.A. NORMAEV

FLOATERS OF THE VITREOUS BODY: MODERN APPROACHES TO TREATMENT

S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Moscow,
The Russian Federation

Vitreous floaters are the structural changes of the vitreous body accompanied by formation of vitreous collagen conglomerates that result in light scattering, umbra formation towards the retina and reducing of patients life quality and vision quality.
This article is devoted to modern aspects of the anatomy and physiology of the vitreous body, the etiology and pathogenesis of its structure changes, modern imaging and diagnostic techniques of vitreous floaters, assessment of vision quality in patients with vitreous floaters and treatment approaches based on the literature review. At the moment there is no universal solution to the problem of vitreous floaters treatment. In most cases, dynamic observation is proposed to patients. The efficacy of the conservative therapy has not been proven and the elaboration of alternative treatment methods is needed. The analysis of other authors publications concerning this pathology treatment testifies to the fact, that current surgical and laser techniques are highly effective but at the same time they have a number of limitations and peculiarities, therefore a further investigation of efficacy and safety issues is required.

Keywords: vitreous floaters, vitreous body, YAG-laser vitreolysis, quality of life, questionnaire, eye diseases
p. 482-490 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
127486, The Russian Federation,
Moscow, Beskudnikovsky Boul., 59A,
S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery
Federal State Institution,
Department of the Retinal Laser Surgery,
Tel. mobile +79651896925,
e-mail: normaev.b.a@mail.ru,
Badma A. Normaev
Information about the authors:
Doga Alexander V., MD, Professor, Deputy General Director for Scientific and Clinical Work, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Moscow, Russian Federation.
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2519-8941
Buryakov Dmitry A., PhD, Junior Researcher of the Department of the Retinal Laser Surgery, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Moscow, Russian Federation.
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4528-1446
Normaev Badma A., Day-Time Post-Graduate Student of the Department of the Retinal Laser Surgery, S. Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Federal State Institution, Moscow, Russian Federation.
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3627-2908
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