Year 2017 Vol. 25 No 1




EE "Vitebsk State Medical University",
The Republic of Belarus

In 2016 the world community celebrated the 170th anniversary of the first successful demonstration of ether anesthesia. Among the greatest achievements of medicine, control over a pain while carrying out surgical operations has affected almost each person in the world. From the end of the XV century for the purpose of anaesthesia, physician and chemists unsuccessfully experimented with various gases, such as: nitrous oxide, ether, chloroform and others. On October, 16, 1846, a dentist William Thomas Green Morton (1819-1868) performed a public demonstration of a painless tooth extraction after administering ether as an inhalation anesthetic and that permitted surgeon John Collins Warren to remove a vascular tumor in Edward Gilbert Abbot. This event took place in Massachusetts General Hospital now known as the Ether Dome. News about the first successful demonstration of anesthesia rather quickly spread worldwide. According to many historians of medicine it made medical history by using ether as a general anesthetic during a surgery for the first time and it was the beginning of modern anesthesiology. The knowledge of how anesthesia was introduced into medical practice has a great significance for correct understanding of anesthesiologists specialty and new achievements in the future. In honor of this historical event Monument commemorating Mortons demonstration of ethers anesthetic use was built in Boston (the USA).

Keywords: William Morton, ether, nitrous oxide, anesthesia, 16 October 1846
p. 5-13 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
210023, the Republic of Belarus,
Vitebsk, Frunze ave. 27,
EE Vitebsk State Medical University,
Department of Anesthesiology
and reanimatology with
a course of AT and RT,
Tel.: +375 33 316-10-25,
Ekaterina V. Nikitina
Information about the authors:
Nikitina E.V. PhD, Head of anesthesiology and reanimatology department with the courses advanced training and retraining, EE "Vitebsk State Medical University".
Samsonova I.M. Assistant of anesthesiology and reanimatology department with the courses advanced training and retraining, EE "Vitebsk State Medical University".
Kizimenko A.N. PhD, Ass. Professor of anesthesiology and reanimatology department with the courses advanced training and retraining, EE "Vitebsk State Medical University".
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