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Year 2014 Vol. 22 No 3


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Tbilisi State Medical University 1,
Aversi Clinic 2, Tbilisi
SEE Belarusian Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education 3, Minsk,
The Republic of Belarus

Objectives. The study and comparison of quantitative composition of spermatozoids prior and after Lichtenstein and Gvenetadze operations.
Methods. For the recent 6 years 1000 patients have been operated on by the isolation method. 215 patients of the reproductive age (19-40 yrs.) with the bilateral inguinal hernias became the object of study. The patients were allocated into two groups. The first group contained those 66 patients (30,7%) who underwent bilateral Lichtenshtein hernia repair. The second group 149 patients (69,3%) on whom bilateral hernia repairs by Gvenetadze method have been utilized. Complete spermomorphocitological investigations have been performed in all groups 2 days prior to surgery, 30 days and six months after surgery.
Results. Oligospermia, reduction of the quantitative sperm composition by 30-35% was revealed only in the first group (p<0,01). In the second group no significant differences was registered. 68 patients had children after surgery by Gvenetadze method.
Conclusions. Hernioplasty by Gvenetadze prevents male infertility in all cases especially for bilateral inguinal hernia repair as well as in reproductive age. The given technique is more solid as the posterior wall of the inguinal canal presented by the transverse fascia, mesh and aponeurosis of the external oblique muscle therefore the recurrence rates of hernia is minimized and practically excluded. Based on the foregoing results this method is considered as an effective method of hernioplasty as for young as well for elderly patients.

Keywords: inguinal hernia, spermatic cord isolation, mesh material
p. 379 385 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
0160, Gruziya, g. Tbilisi, pr. Vazha-Pshavela, d. 27 b, Klinika Aversi,
Gvenetadze Tamaz Kalenikovich
Information about the authors:
Gvenetadze T.K. MD, professor of the emergency surgery chair 2 of Tbilisi State Medical University.
Giorgobiani G.T. MD, professor, a head of the emergency surgery chair 2 of Tbilisi State Medical University, clinical director of Aversi Clinic.
Archvadze V.Sh. MD, professor of the general surgery chair of Tbilisi State Medical University.
Gulbani L.O. A clinical intern of the surgery chair of SEE Belarusian Medical Academy of Post-graduate education.
Contacts | ©Vitebsk State Medical University, 2007