Year 2012 Vol. 20 No 4

UROLOGY

A.G. BEREZHNOY, E.V. DYABKIN, F.P. KAPSARGIN, A.A. ZALEVSKIY

TOPOGRAPHIC AND ANATOMIC BASIS OF A SURGICAL ACCESS TO KIDNEY

State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor V.F.Voyno-Yasenetsky
The Russian Federation

Objectives. To identify topographic and anatomical peculiarities of the XII rib structure in order to develop a new operational access to the kidney.
Methods. The investigation was carried out on 30 corpses referred to the second period of the adulthood. It included 18 males and 12 females. Refinement of the technique and studying the parameters of operational access to the kidney with a longitudinal incision of the XII rib was performed by the method of A.Yu. Sozon-Yarashevich supplemented by A.G. Mirzamuhamedov. To assess the approach one used the following parameters: the depth and width of the wound, the inclination angle of the operation action axis, the operating inclination angle along the wound length, the operating angle of the wound width.
Results. The average depth of the wound made up 6,490,11 cm. The minimum depth of the wound was 4,5 cm, and the highest 7,8 cm The average width of the wounds was equal to 7,440,12 cm: the lowest to 6,0 cm, and the highest 9,0 cm. The average value of the inclination angle of the operation action axis made up 870,4. In our studies the angles of the operational actions from 86,8 to 90 occurred in 77% and from 80 to 86,8 - in 23% of cases. The average value of the operating angle of the wound length was 951,0 and these values were recorded in half of cases. The average angle of operation according to the width of the wounds was equal to 611,2. The research results showed that the spatial relationships in the wound are characterized above all by the angle of the operating action determined both according to the length and the width of the wound.
Conclusions. The investigation of the parameters of the operational access to the kidney with a longitudinal incision of the XII rib confirms its topographic and anatomical appropriateness. This operational access should be used in patients with complicated forms of urolithiasis requiring the open surgery.

Keywords: operational access, kidney, topographic and anatomical parametersz
p. 75 80 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
660022, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, Krasnoyarsk, ul. Partizana Zheleznyaka, d. 1, GBOU VPO Krasnoyarskiy gosudarstvennyiy meditsinskiy universitet imeni prof. V.F. Voyno-Yasenetskogo,
e-mail: dyabkyn@mail.ru,
Dyabkin Evgeniy Vladimirovich
Information about the authors:
Berezhnoy A.G., Candidate of Medical Sciences, Assistant of Urology, Andrology and Sexology, the Chair of State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F.Voyno-Yasenetsky.
Dyabkin E.V., Candidate of Medical Sciences, Assistant of the General Surgery Chair of State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F.Voyno-Yasenetsky.
Kapsargin F.P., Doctor of Medical Sciences, Head of Urology, Andrology and Sexology Chair of State Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F.Voyno-Yasenetsky
Zalevsky A.A., Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Operative Surgeryand Topographic Anatomy of STATE Budgetary Educational Establishment of Higher Professional Education Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F.Voyno-Yasenetsky.
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