Year 2019 Vol. 27 No 2




Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv,

The growth of the level of traumatism and the prevalence of orthopedic pathology determine the necessity to advance diagnostics and treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system as a priority trend in the development of health care. Improvement of diagnostic capabilities of modern methods of visualizing conditions of bones, joints and soft tissues, expansion of the scope of high-tech minimally invasive osteosynthesis techniques will change the concept for implementation of orthopedic trauma care.
The proposed literature review is dedicated to the urgency of the problem and analysis of the structure of traumatic injuries, as well as the fundamental advantages of their treatment by the method of intraosseous osteosynthesis, which, due to the closed reposition of fragments and low surgical access outside the damage zone, doesnt cause any additional injury to the tissues in the fracture zone.
The main errors of surgeons when performing intramedullary blocking osteosynthesis have been studied and analyzed. It has been shown that treatment of patients with diaphyseal multi-fragment fractures of the long tubular bones should include measures to restore the anatomical structures of the injured segment and the function of the injured limb. The determination of clear indications and consistent preoperative planning of surgical intervention with careful selection of parameters of fixing structures are the main factors affecting the quality of fixation of fragments and they ensure the final result.

Keywords: trauma, bone fractures, intramedullary osteosynthesis, surgical errors, complications
p. 204-2011 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
79010, Ukraine,
Lviv, Pekarskaya Str., 69,
Danylo Halytsky Lviv National
Medical University,
Department of Disaster Medicine
And Military Medicine.
Tel. +38 (032) 260-08-28,
Viktor S. Kozopas
Information about the authors:
Kozopas Viktor S., PhD, Assistant of the Department of Disaster Medicine and Military Medicine, Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, Lviv, Ukraine.
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