Year 2018 Vol. 26 No 6




Grodno State Medical University, Grodno,
The Republic of Belarus

The article presents a clinical case of the combined pathology of neurogenic mediastinal benign tumor and pericardial cyst. The study provides a summary of the etiology and pathogenesis of these diseases. As an example, the statistical data of clinics on the frequency of neurogenic mediastinal tumors and pericardial cysts among different age groups are used. The peculiarities of a clinical and x-ray picture and the stages of diagnosis are described. Thoracoscopic resection of the lung with a tumor and a pericardial cyst is found out to be effective as a surgical treatment.
The literature data as well as our own practical observation showed that the combination of benign neurogenic mediastinal tumor and pericardial cyst is a rare disorder with non-specific symptomatology, which is characterized by difficulties in diagnostics. High accuracy of the differential diagnosis with oncological pathology can be achieved by means of punch biopsy.
As the result of our own observations and literature review it has been established that thoracoscopic cyst and tumor removal with or without a resection of the lung is priority as less invasive and effective surgical treatment of this pathology.

Keywords: mediastinal neurofibroma, pericardial cyst, punch biopsy, thoracoscopy, lung resection, cyst removal
p. 758-764 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
230009, The Republic of Belarus,
Grodno, Gorky Str., 80,
Grodno State Medical University,
1st Department of Surgical Diseases,
Tel. mob.: +375 29 202 61 18,
Aliautsina G. Kalach
Information about the authors:
Sushko Aleksandr A., PhD, Associate Professor of the 1st Department of Surgical Diseases, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Republic of Belarus.
Mahilevets Eduard V., PhD, Associate Professor, Head of the 1st Department of Surgical Diseases, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Republic of Belarus.
Salmin Roman M., PhD, Assistant of the 1st Department of Surgical Diseases, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Republic of Belarus.
Kalach Aliautsina G., 6-Year Student of the Medical Faculty, Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Republic of Belarus.
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