Year 2013 Vol. 21 No 5

ONCOLOGY

A.V. RUSIN1,2, V.I. RUSIN1, O.M. ODOSHEVSKAYA1, O.T. DEVINYAK1

SOME PROBLEMS OF BREAST CANCER SCREENING DEMONSTRATED BY THE EXAMPLE OF TRANSCARPATHIAN REGION

SHEE Uzhgorod National University1
Transcarpathian Regional Clinical Oncologic Hospital2, Uzhgorod,
The Ukraine

Objectives. To identify the level of breast cancer knowledge among Transcarpathian women, factors influencing on the conversance, predictors for breast self-examination. To study and analyze the main motivation for passing a special examination of the mammary glands, untimely consult physician.
Methods. The article suggests the research results of knowledge level as well as attitude to breast cancer on the basis of surveys of 100 women (aged 29-82 years) without any complaints and history of breast cancer. The main characteristics were: age, residence, nationality, education level, marital status. Statistical analysis of data was carried in the environment for statistical computations R.
Results. 100 women have been interviewed, most of them the married Ukrainians with the secondary education. 85% of the surveyed women had insufficient or inadequate knowledge about breast cancer. Chance to demonstrate high knowledge among residents of the urban area is 4-fold higher than for rural ones. Statistically significant predictors of performing breast self-examination are considered to be the levels of knowledge about breast cancer and education. Convincing argument in favor of the medical examination of the mammary glands should be recommendations made by physicians. The main obstacle to pass the regular examination is the lack of mandatory preventive medical inspection and misgiving to know the diagnosis.
Conclusions. To improve the diagnosis of breast cancer the public health authorities should strengthen advocacy effort work at the regional level and implementation of pilot screening programs.

Keywords: breast cancer, screening, survey, breast self examinations
p. 71 79 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
88014, Ukraina, g. Uzhgorod, ul. Brodlakovicha, d. 2, Zakarpatskii oblastnoi klinicheskii onkologicheskii dispanser,
e-mail: alyelya@mail.ru,
Odoshevskaia Elena Mikhailovna
Information about the authors:
Rusin A.V. MD, professor, a head of the chair of oncology with the courses of radiation medicine and intensive care of medical faculty of SHEE "Uzhgorod National University", a chief physician of Transcarpathian regional clinical oncology center.
Rusin V.I. MD, professor, a head of the chair of surgical diseases of medical faculty of SHEE "Uzhgorod National University".
Odoshevskaya E.M. A post-graduate of the chair of oncology, radiation medicine and critical care of medical faculty of SHEE "Uzhgorod National University".
Devinyak O.T. An assistant of the chair of pharmaceutical sciences of medical faculty of SHEE "Uzhgorod National University".
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