Year 2012 Vol. 20 No 3

EXPERIMENTAL SURGERY

R.M. SALMIN 1, N.I. PROKOPCHIK 1, I.G. ZHUK 2, A.V. GAYDUK 1, M.V. GORETSKAYA 1, A.YU. PAVLYUKOVETS 1, A.I. ZHMAKIN 1

EFFICACY ESTIMATION OF THE COLON ANASTOMOSIS ZONE STRENGTHENING WITH THE SPONGE TACHOCOMB

EE Grodno State Medical University 1,
Grodno regional executive committee 2,
The Republic of Belarus

Objectives. To carry out a pathomorphological evaluation of the prevention effectiveness of the colonic anastomotic failure with the sponge TachoComb.
Methods. White mongrel male rats, weighing 25050 g were used in the experiment. All animals were divided into four control and four experimental groups. The intersection of the colon distally to the ileocecal angle by 2 cm with the following end to end anastomosis with one-line intrasite serous-musculo-submucous suture was performed in the control group. The same manipulations were carried out in the experimental groups but the anastomosis zone was additionally covered with the sponge TachoComb. The animals were derived from the experiment on the 3, 7, 14, 30 days after the surgery.
Results. At the macroscopic analysis it has been established that application of the sponge TachoComb decreases the severity of anastomosis stenosis as well as the severity of inflammatory and adhesion processes. Microscopically, at strengthening of the intestinal suture zone with the sponge TachoComb smaller edema and leukocyte infiltration of the submucosal and muscle membranes, early onset of the epithelial proliferation have been revealed; there was more delicate connective tissue scar, and the remainder of the sponge TachoComb had the appearance of a thin plate encapsulated, intimately connected with the serous coat. At immunological investigation in the experimental groups lower leucocytosis has been established; at plating of washing-up from the anastomosis zone on agar the number of the revealed colony-forming units on the 3rd day was 14 times lower than in the groups without the use of the sponge TachoComb.
Conclusions. The sponge TachoComb is an effective preventive means against colon anastomosis failure.

Keywords: colon anastomosis, intestinal suture, TachoComb, failure of intestinal suture
p. 3 8 of the original issue
References

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Address for correspondence:
230009, Respublika Belarus', g. Grodno, ul. Gor'kogo, d. 80, UO Grodnenskii gosudarstvennyi meditsinskii universitet, kafedra operativnoi khirurgii i topograficheskoi anatomii,
e-mail: dr.salmin@tut.by,
Salmin
Information about the authors:
Salmin R.M., a Post-graduate Student of the Chair of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of the EE "Grodno State Medical University."
Prokopchik N.I., Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Pathologic Anatomy Chair of EE "Grodno State Medical University."
Zhuk I.I., Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Deputy Chairman of Grodno Regional Executive Committee.
Gayduk A.V., a 6th year student of EE "Grodno State Medical University."
Goretskaya M.V., Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology Chair named after S.I.Gelberg, EE "Grodno State Medical University."
Pavlyukovets A.Yu., Assistant of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology Chair named after S.I.Gelberg, EE "Grodno State Medical University."
Zhmakin A.I., Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology Chair named after S.I.Gelberg, EE "Grodno State Medical University."
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