Novosti
Khirurgii
This journal is
indexed in Scopus









Year 2017 Vol. 25 No 5

ONCOLOGY

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18484/2305-0047.2017.5.488   |  

F.SH. AKHMETZYANOV1,2,3, V.I. EGOROV 1,2

OPTIMIZATION OF SURGICAL TREATMENT OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING OBSTRUCTIVE COLONIC RESECTION

FSBEE HE Kazan State Medical University 1,
SAME Republican Clinical Oncology Center 2,
Volga region branch of fsbe N.N.Blokhin Russian Oncology Research Center Ministry of Health of RF 3, Kazan,
The Russian Federation

Objectives. The study of the short-term results of reconstructive operations in patients undergoing obstructive colonic resection in a specialized hospital.
Methods. The data of patients (n=128) with functioning intestinal stoma after obstructive colon resections being treated from January 2011 to December 2016 were analyzed. The reconstruction of the colon was failed in 7 patients. There were 57 males (47.1%) and 64 females (52.9%) from total of 121 patients. The average age of patients was 67.810.4 years. There were 55 patients (45,5%) older than 70 years.
The main cause for obstructive resections was large intestinal obstruction in 103 patients (85.1%); the left-sided tumor of the colon was originated predominantly in 103 patients (85.1%).
Results. Median time of reconstructive and restorative phase was 6 (1-31) months. In 7 out of 121 patients the disease recurrence was diagnosed intraoperatively (2 cases single parietal peritoneal metastases, 4 cases an intestine stump recurrence and mesenteric lymph node metastasis). The end-to-end anastomosis were performed in 107 patients (88.4%); in 10 of them (8.3%) anastomosis was performed by stapler technique. The median postoperative hospital stay was 14 (8-16) days and in patients without complications 10 (8-12) days. Incisional complications developed in 21 cases (17.4%). Postoperative mortality was 2.5%.
Conclusion. The conducted study has confirmed the treatment efficacy of complicated forms of colorectal cancer as well as performing reconstructions of the colon in a specialized hospital. The optimal time of the reconstruction phase after the obstructive colon resection is considered to be 5-6 months.

Keywords: colorectal neoplasms, intestinal reconstruction, intestinal stoma, intestinal obstruction, abdominal adhesions, anastomosis, mortality
p. 488-493 of the original issue
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Address for correspondence:
420012, Russian Federation,
Republic of Tatarstan,
Kazan, Butlerova str., 49,
FSBEE HE Kazan State Medical University,
Department of Oncology, Radiation
Diagnosis and Radiation Therapy,
tel.: +927 429-96-71,
e-mail: drvasiliy21@gmail.com
Information about the authors:
Akhmetzyanov F.Sh. MD, Professor, Head of Department of Oncology, Radiation Diagnosis and Radiation Therapy, FSBEE HE Kazan State Medical University, Head of medical-diagnostic building N2 of the Republican Clinical Oncology Center of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tatarstan, an employee of department for the development of current and prospective methods of treatment of neoplastic diseases of Volga Federal Branch of N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center of the Ministry of Health of RF.
Egorov V.I. PhD, Assistant of Department of Oncology, Radiation Diagnosis and Radiation Therapy of FSBEE HE Kazan State Medical University, oncologist of the Republican Clinical Oncology Center of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tatarstan.
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